Lately I’ve been fascinated with the website Houzz.com. If you aren’t familiar with this website, it is one of the most popular sites along with Pinterest where homeowners, and contractors go to gather ideas, connect with others in the industry, and share their work.
Here are several rock solid ideas that may help you decide on what type of waterfall water feature you personally prefer.
This is a popular photo that many people have expressed interest in. It has been built to compliment and blend the surrounding landscape to create a natural effect. I really admire projects where the landscaper took the effort to make things as natural as possible.
While some people prefer the insane overhangs that can be achieved using faux or fake rocks, this method is very cool and I think it would look even nicer with the addition of custom lighting colors. Overall an impressive job with great attention paid to detail and no stone out of place.
This is a great shot with a beautiful natural stone waterfall. The two larger boulders alongside the spillway combined with a well designed lip makes for an impressive sight. I can only imagine how nice this particular waterfall sounds. This double tiered feature would definitely create a very relaxing sound. I would highly recommend this design to someone looking to add a waterfall to their koi pond or for a new pond construction.
The oxygenation and circulation that these kinds of water features adds to the pond also helps to slow the growth of algae which many pond owners can tell you has saved them many dollars in maintenance.
There are many people (myself included) that are blown away by larger man-made waterfalls. However, smaller water features that were created by landscapers with extra attention to detail can be just as stunning. The addition of this small waterfall feature changes up what would have been just an ordinary space into something special. Imagine sitting out on your patio just enjoying the sounds of a soothing fountain in your garden…
Pondless waterfalls are picking up in popularity and for good reason. Many homeowners are embracing the DIY (do-it-yourself) movement, perhaps inspired by their favourite gardening shows on TV, and tackling some of their own projects. I’m sure you that are reading this hate the idea of having to pull rocks out of the pond, cleaning the pond out, then putting the rocks back in and so forth. If you are a landscaper being paid to maintain it I feel your pain.
As an aside, should you decide to create your first waterfall using natural stone I highly recommend studying The Pond Digger on YouTube. He has shared many tutorials online to help home owners and contractors alike what to expect and some tips to get the most of a pond project.
Tropical Pool by Florence Pools & Spas Shehan Pools
The guys over at Shehan are amazing and have taught us a lot about what it takes to make clients dreams become a reality. From using shotcrete to other faux rock materials, they are masters at creating custom waterfalls which also compliment their specialization in pools. Check out their website to view some of their award winning projects and brainstorm more ideas.
Have a great weekend and happy landscaping
Rock Waterfall Ideas For Backyard Renovation Projects September 24th, 2014WaterfallNow
These are a fascinating addition to most yards that address the problems with pond waterfalls. Not everyone has the natural landscape and slopes to work with in creating a regular waterfall. Pondless waterfalls on the other hand can be built anywhere. Moreover, the lack of a pond means less maintenance. Less to clean, no requirements to leave it running all the time, safe for children, and more uptime. Premade pond kits are available at most stores. Alternatively you can do a local search for waterfalls, water features or landscaping companies.
When constructing a pondless waterfall the two major things to consider are the size of the water reservoir and the dimensions of the cascading waterfall. Once those two things are determined the rest is history. A method WaterfallNow recommends for getting ideas is to do a search online. WaterfallNow is in the process of creating ready to order waterfalls for the garden. Those that have a project requiring on-site custom work can request much larger features.
How Do Pondless Waterfalls Work?
Pondless waterfalls require water but not the traditional pond. By now most people know how the evaporation process works in nature. A pondless waterfall works in a similar way. One way to picture the process is to imagine a giant hose that sucks water up from the earth up to the rain clouds which sends rain back to the earth and gets sucked up again – repeat. The same water that comes down the waterfall and into the water reservoir gets sent back up to the top of the waterfall through a hose which then sends the water back down.
WaterfallNow’s rocks are hollow making them portable. First the hole is dug, second the pond liners (EPDM) are added, and third the rock and plumbing are installed. Additional steps depend on the level of customization depending on the lighting or plants used. Most of the work is in the preparation of our rocks.
Just add plants
The Benefits Of WaterfallNow’s Pondless Waterfalls Include:
Attractive year after year: Only light cleaning to the water reservoir is needed once every few months.
Less that can go wrong: If there is a problem with one of the parts repairs or replacements are within reach.
Not a permanent feature: Can relocate, take down, move, sell, use as a cover, or be upgraded to something larger.
The beauty of a large water feature in even a small space: Scalable both vertically and horizontally.
Not prone to freeze-thaw action or hidden leaks within the rock.
No forming prep-work.
Safe for small children: No fear of drowning in a pond.
Less green bacterial mess: Higher upfront cost than other applications without the ongoing maintenance fees.
Only need to turn on when in use: Cost on average $3-6 per month when used a few hours per day.
Many landscape designers use natural rocks to create cascading streams. This is the method that most people are familiar with and one that WaterfallNow no longer employs. In this situation it is most common for the landscape artist to work with the land as opposed to against the land. In some cases they re-create the land itself by adding large boulders or more dirt. This is done to achieve the desired height (dimensions) for the water feature. The benefit of pondless waterfalls for those that simply want a nice sized realistic miniature waterfall in their yard is that the land does not dictate what you can or cannot have.
Making The Pond
As always, contact BC ONE CALLbefore you dig to avoid hitting any plumbing).
WaterfallNow creates the water reservoir for indoor applications as well as for outdoor applications. All that is required is very light digging. WaterfallNow’s pondless waterfalls usually go only 3 feet deep for the larger projects and less for smaller ones.
Creating the pond sounds easy and often gets overlooked. Doing it right plays a role in ensuring that the water level will not decrease on a daily basis. This means you don’t have to constantly fill the pondless waterfall with more water on a daily basis. As long as the water that goes up falls back onto the pond liner and into the water reservoir you won’t risk damaging the water pump. Water pumps last many years when properly maintained. A water pump that is not fully submerged in the water will not operate as long as it could due to the damage caused on the motor.
Dig the hole, remove sharp objects and rocks, lay down a few layers of pre-liner (carpet/tarp) and the pond liner (EPDM) on top. These are the essentials.
Making The Artificial Rock Features
WaterfallNow employs a fibreglass/natural stone combination to create rock faces that look like the ones found in nature. These pieces are assembled either on location for custom work or premade (ready to ship). There is relatively low demand for artificial rock made using fibreglass as the majority of the population is unaware that such a thing exists. Most people are however familiar with styrofoam which isn’t as durable or concrete which is prone to cracking.
Let us know how we can better serve you as we continue to improve.
Pondless Waterfalls: Artificial Rock Features February 4th, 2018WaterfallNow
Pondless Waterfalls and disappearing waterfalls are picking up in popularity as more homeowners are looking for ways to create things on their own. Whether you want to create one yourself or want the unique rock textures and custom options offered by WaterfallNow we hope you can enjoy your own private getaway from the comfort of your own home.
Pondless waterfalls are designed to cycle water through a fountain or pump continuously. Using just a small water reservoir, a pump to bring the water back to the top, and gravity, the water can continuously cycle through the system. One benefit of this is the minimal maintenance involved. This can be important for busy people who don’t have the time or the money to maintain a pond and want to avoid having one resembling green pea soup altogether. What we’ve noticed over the years having visited many yards is that the latter was more common.
Getting a pondless waterfall professionally created is generally a great idea if you can set aside a budget to get one done. These are a great way to spruce up a smaller yard which may not be best suited for a pond. For those looking for something indoors WaterfallNow can create an indoor waterfall using our artificial rock panel system. The benefits of having our indoor waterfalls is the humidification effect and filtering of dust, pollen, and pet hairs through the flow of water. There is minimal maintenance required.
For those who do not have a significant budget for a custom designed artificial rock waterfall there are many do-it-yourself (DIY) kits available on the market. They are a great option for those wanting t0 create a small cascading waterfall in their yard. The initial investment is minimal and the returns can be significant. Just make sure you have covered all of your bases and have an idea of what you would like the end product to look like. It is a satisfying feeling to know that you can create something as beautiful as a waterfall that others will also enjoy.
What is even better for those who like working with their hands is that the cost of pondless waterfalls are much less than traditional ponds. Not only do they not have to be run constantly but can be drained quickly, require less maintenance, and should you need, can be removed completely in a short period of time with very little labour involved. There is also a reduced risk of injury with pondless applications which can be a concern for parents with small children.
Already have a pondless or pond with a waterfall but want something much larger and taller? WaterfallNow can install a custom artificial rock waterfall onto the existing feature.
Clients of WaterfallNow may request additional upgrades to existing water features as their budget allows. Should you choose you may have your existing WaterfallNow rock waterfall relocated from one area to another. WaterfallNow offers one of the most affordable options for getting an expertly designed water feature that will look and sound amazing for many years to come. If you are looking for something unique and 100% custom made give us a call. We would like to hear from you.
Summer is just around the corner. You too can enjoy a private staycation and enjoy the relaxing sounds of water trickling down.
There is an art to constructing custom rock garden waterfalls. The time, effort, investments, and even failures that went into learning how to get started is often overlooked by those who are unfamiliar with the industry. The ability to work around issues and solve problems is a very useful and essential skill.
We’ve encountered hundreds of issues over the years along the way but were always able to find a way to make things work. In the end, that learned experience is a part of the value we bring to you. We’ve tried styrofoam, concrete, our own panel system, and many other techniques. What we found was that most projects were at the time either too large or too costly for smaller clients. We have since developed a way to serve a wider range of clients.
There is a lot of trial and error that goes into learning how to build custom rock features. This is especially true for those who did not go to school to learn these things. People sometimes wonder why counselors or lawyers can charge so much for the advice that they give. What most people miss is the amount of time (many years in school and of experience) and money (books, hiring staff, education) that went into being in a position to do so. It wasn’t easy to get to that point as most people think.
“We don’t know what we don’t know”
Are you looking to learn how to do what we do which is creating 100% customrock garden waterfalls and rock water features for your garden or place of business? If so, send us an email along with your experience.
We have many years of landscaping experience in a family business and experience with MANY other ventures along the way. When we tell people that failure is just an opportunity to learn it is coming from a place where we know people must fail first in order to succeed. Spouting of goals and plans for making something come about is one thing – an entirely different thing to actually do it. What do you hope to accomplish? Is it your first time creating your own rock water feature? You may email us if you would like some of our guidance. Just type [crw] in the subject line. We will provide you with guidance with the hope that it saves you time, money, and stress.
When we meet someone with a passion to start their own business, determine their own level of income, and serve others we can introduce them to new opportunities for personal growth in partnership with us. The attitudes that we carry towards life helps us guide our actions which in turn affects our results.
Our craft requires some natural talent. We operate in a specialized or niche market serving a broad range of clients. This is part of the reason why you won’t find many people doing what we do. If you are planning a rock water feature for your next renovation project and would be interested in pursuing a business relationship in one form or another simply send us an email or speak with Moses 778-788-8603.
We believe in the power of word of mouth marketing and obtaining new business through referrals because that is where the majority of our business has come from over the past decade. We always make room for new growth opportunities and welcome anyone looking to grow with us. Our business clients are more than just customers. They are long-term friends that we stay in contact with over the years. When you do business with us you automatically become a part of our network.
We are in the process of implementing new marketing strategies to make 2014 a breakthrough year. WaterfallNow started out under 3-4 different names during a transitioning phase out of the traditional landscaping arena. We went from landscaping on large commercial and residential landscaping projects (something we were happy doing at the time) but have since found a new home in a market with little competition. With the right team in place we can only continue to grow.
Can you make a list of 100 other places that do what you do in your market? Chances are that you can. But how many people know someone that can do what we do? Very few. This is why our specialization in creating 100% custom hand-made rock features both indoors and outdoors is our field of choice. We have made many rock patio waterfalls, rock retaining walls, garden waterfalls, and water features for fish ponds or pools. There is virtually no limit to what we can do. We have made many custom rock garden waterfalls throughout the Lower Mainland with a wide range of satisfied clients.
If customization, low-maintenance, and long-lasting waterfalls are on your renovation list then give us a call. We help our friends by featuring their waterfalls and business in our videos, websites, and providing solid referrals for people we know that are seeking their services. We serve the entire Lower Mainland (Vancouver, Surrey, Burnaby and all locations).
Do you want to be known as the best at what you do? Do you want to attract more customers to your place of business? Let’s work together to not only renovate your place of business but also the image and brand. People don’t talk about renovations that are unremarkable. They do however like to talk about our water features with their friends and family.
Many people are already looking for what we do [Custom Rock Garden Waterfalls]. Soon more people will be looking for something fresh and unique and look for something other than the cold nature of modern designs. By then WaterfallNow will be in the perfect position as the leader in BC for 100% custom rock water features and our services will be known for its increasingly high demand.
Those who are decision makers, are good at determining investment decisions, and understand market value, will be able to take advantage of the services that we are currently providing at the low introductory rates that we offer. We are focused on intentionally growing our company as well as those businesses that are in mutual partnership with us.
WaterfallNow creates 100% custom rock water features
For those who have it all…
Whether you enjoy the soothing sounds of trickling water or an energizing torrent of rushing water we can work with you to design something spectacular that can’t be bought anywhere else. Our custom rock water features are uniquely designed with you in mind.
We have been practicing the creation of custom-made artificial rock waterfalls for many years with many satisfied clients throughout the Lower Mainland. Moving forward we look to create more memorable experiences for all of our clients in 2014 and in the years to come.
Our clientele is very diverse ranging from commercial to residential, indoors and outdoors. Whether you are the owner of a resort that would like something custom-made for your waiting areas or just someone looking to renovate their home we can provide you with what you need. Perhaps you are looking for more than a simple water wall and would prefer a unique artificial rock water wall spanning an entire wall. That is what we do at WaterfallNow.
No two projects look the same. We begin with hand-made rock panels that are patched together to form the final shape. Our custom rock water features are unlike concrete or other faux rock applications. These are not stamped nor carved. They are hand-made rock panels made using a blend of natural and synthetic materials. The natural dips, contours, grooves, and texture resembles that of natural rock and thus gives a more realistic impression.
We don’t use the word custom lightly. We literally create custom rock water features in any size, shape, or color and even customize the plants and lighting that goes along with it.
Look no further than WaterfallNow when seeking out the absolute best in creating unique custom rock water features. Contact us today.
Want a unique completely custom hand-made and uniquely designed water feature specific to your desires? WaterfallNow puts a lot of careful planning and thought into each rock water feature that we create. WaterfallNow’s artificial rock waterfalls, rock fountains, retaining walls, or decorative rocks can be used for both indoor and outdoor applications. They are lightweight and versatile enough to solve any commercial or residential renovation projects.
While there has been an increasing in popularity of miniature fountains that can be purchased online from Amazon or Ebay we don’t think it will be long until some people become bored of seeing the same generic water walls over and over again. Water walls are a very beautiful concept but limited in scope. Some people want something that is perhaps bigger, more colourful, unique, and that has a more life-like characteristic to it than cold-steel. WaterfallNow produces custom indoor outdoor water features that are unique, 100% custom hand-made on site.
Custom Indoor Outdoor Water Features
This is just a sample of what our custom indoor outdoor water features can look like
We spent a lot of time investigating ways to cater to the people described above and came up with the methods that we employ today. People want something that resonates with their style, is unique, and not something that someone else can simply buy from a store. The good news is that there is something that is far more interesting, more relaxing, and better sounding and that is what we offer to our clients with each water feature that we create. When compared to a small figurine type fountain or wall-mounted waterfall it is easy to see why our particular skillset is in such high demand.
If you are not a fan of white noise produced by the sound of water crashing down we can create a water feature designed for water to cascade down. Many of our clients enjoy the similar sound of a natural waterfall in their backyard. They sometimes become mini habitats that attract different animals and birds. With the proper landscaping and lighting these waterfalls become an exotic location for you and your family.
WaterfallNow caters to clients who want something that nobody else has, wants it first, and wants it big. What separates us from others in the water feature industry is the ability to cater to a very niche market as well as to the broader market of koi pond enthusiasts, home renovation experts, or just people that want to enjoy time spent in their own backyard. The experience that we’ve accumulated thus far can only improve our ability to serve you better. Our philosophy is to be proud of everything we do. We want to be proud of the smallest projects as much as the biggest projects. What matters most is that the owner of a custom-made waterfall that we create has a smile on their face and can enjoy all of the benefits that our services provide.
WaterfallNow’s team has many decades of landscaping experience. Although it is no longer our area of focus we do provide FREE garden consultations for all of our clients as well as low-cost basic landscaping just to go the extra mile. In a nutshell, what we require is your permission, a concept or idea, and we go to work to create something beautiful that you can enjoy for many years to come.
We sometimes receive phone calls from people thanking us for the work that we’ve done in their neighbors yard.
Receive a FREE no obligation quote for your own custom indoor outdoor water features today. Contact
You are perhaps wondering what are the benefits of fiberglass rocks? Most people don’t know the ups and downs of fiberglass vs concrete so we’ve added some insights below.
Fiberglass truly is a remarkable and revolutionary product.
Watch this man wack the boat at 1:15!!
I know what you are thinking. He hit the boat like a little girl!
The reason I shared this video was not to show that fiberglass is indestructible but to demonstrate that should someone have a little too much to drink and decides to kick, drive a car into, have a tree branch falls onto, or wail on with a pipe a fiberglass reinforced rock will still remain structurally intact. You would have to put some real effort into causing some damage. Minor holes or cracks caused by intentional blunt force can be remedied with a simple patch job. If you can punch a hole in one of our rock panels with your bare fist we will buy you a beer and pay for your medical fees.
How durable? Think…
Other Benefits of Fiberglass Rocks
Long lasting, waterproof, corrosion resistant and non-conductive. It is an amazing product that can be molded into practically anything, giving design engineers unlimited possibilities in the ability to make long and sweeping contours, allowing for much more design freedom than metal or wood based structures can.
Because of these characteristics, fiberglass should be considered whenever there is a significant amount of fabrication to aluminum or stainless steel as often times a better part can be made at a lower or very competitive price with each molded part being consistently well within manufacturing tolerances. We have a keen awareness that price does affect a prospective client’s desires. WaterfallNow has received many thanks from former clients who otherwise would not have been able to enjoy such luxuries.
Fiberglass is stronger than sheet metal (pound for pound) and it will not rust – perfect for outside use or in locations near water, especially salt water. Fiberglass is also resistive to corrosive chemicals, and, when made with special fire-retardant resins, in the event of fire, your products only char and do not burn up. Why is this relevant? Some people desire steel water features so it is worth noting this fact.
Resin is a lightweight, durable, synthetic material made from recycled plastic. It requires little maintenance and it holds up well to outdoor use. Rain and snow won’t cause it to rot, chip and flake like certain paints, or rust like certain metals. It’s an excellent product to use for a water feature. These fountains will blend wonderfully in your water garden or as an indoor tabletop fountain.
Some reasons to consider Fiberglass over Concrete: Unfortunately concrete applications which look beautiful also come with some disadvantages for the unwary client. They may require a lot of maintenance to function efficiently and safely. Thinking of getting an over-hang for a spillover? You could be putting lives at risk with an overweight portion of concrete that does not have the proper reinforcement to support it.
If you are considering the differences between a fiberglass and concrete swimming pool (something we don’t do but is worth noting) first consider the fact that concrete requires monthly professional cleaning to ensure that no algae can form along the walls. If you are the owner of a concrete pool you are already aware that after a decade you have spent anywhere from $14,000 to $18,000 purely on maintaining your pool properly. Failing to do so allows the germs, bacteria, and algae to breed in the porous concrete basin which makes for an unpleasant experience. Failing to keep up with regular maintenance can be a difficult issue to fund. The porous nature of concrete often requires having a gel coat layer to prevent the water from completely draining out.
Difference in weight may be a reason for considering a fiberglass rock feature over a concrete but it could also go the other way. Concrete applications are generally a permanent fixture meant to remain at that location. If you ever need to upgrade to something fresh, perhaps a different design, you will be destroying all or part of your existing waterfall.
With a more flexible approach (fiberglass), should you decide in the future to move the waterfall to another location we can do so and also add onto it. Our clients enjoy their waterfalls so much that some even requested us to move it to their new home and so we did. Something worthy of noting is that rock water features (whatever the method or substance of construction) tend to raise property value (landscaping).
WaterfallNow’s rock features operate in all 4 seasons. One common issue with concrete was the damage caused when rainwater seeped into a crack in a concrete application and upon expanding caused further damage to the concrete. This is known as freeze-thaw action which leads to deteriorating applications. Will this be an issue with a concrete rock? Possibly, unless you hire a professional that has mastered a special technique.
Sample photo of the effects of erosion on concrete. Fiberglass on the other hand does not erode from weather conditions nor does it crack. These are just a few more of the many benefits of fiberglass rocks.
Fiberglass rocks are much less labor intensive. While concrete applications can look very beautiful for outdoor applications they are generally not an ideal solution for indoor renovations if time does not permit. Construction of concrete applications often requires many laborers who must work quickly and be careful ensure the final product is fully functioning before curing. It can be a nightmare for a contractor who cannot understand why or where there is a fault if a concrete application is not running. Hire professionals with a great track record. As for fiberglass rocks, the individual rock panels are pre-made in a different location and brought on site where they are cut, bent, shaped, folded and patched together in a matter of days.
Cost Effectiveness due to lower costs for maintenance, labour, and warranty work. A lighter and stronger product also results in lower costs for shipping and storage. Fiberglass is durable but it depends on what you need. Do you prefer cost effectiveness over the ability to kick or drive a car into a concrete rock application and not have it break? Most people simply want something that is aesthetically pleasing to watch and listen to at a good price. They don’t want the hassle of maintenance if left unchecked that will leave a water feature inoperable due to high cost. WaterfallNow’s fake, faux, or artificial rocks however you prefer to call them are very easy to maintain. Often times the only thing that requires updating is the water pump itself depending on the usage (can last 6-10 years). Want to customize the flow of water? We simply adjust the plumbing and type of pump.
Pond or Pondless is a choice and because we can relocate our custom artificial rock waterfalls they can be upgraded to attach onto an existing pond or moved to act as a pondless (hidden pond) waterfall. How does the water keep coming out and where is it going? Uh.. Magic.. No, actually it is just water cycled through a pump back to the spillover or to the top of the rock feature. We use EPDM rubber pond liner. The only way the water would leak is if someone intentionally cut a hole in the liner. If a hole is found it can be patched or a new liner can be placed over top.
Pound for Pound Fiberglass is roughly 17 times stronger than concrete.
Would you want a concrete feature this size put in your living space? I personally would. But what happens if you get tired of it and want to move it? Ref: jackhammer video.
Our rock waterfalls are so light they can even be placed on the back of a pickup!
On the other side we sometimeso work with concrete rock panels. Depending on the project at hand we can alternate between concrete paneling and fiberglass rocks. We like to use our fiberglass rocks to create unique designs but are flexible enough to do whatever the client desires.
About what we do: WaterfallNow uses a blend of natural and synthetic materials to create a strong outer layer which can promote the growth of algae on outdoor applications giving them a more natural look over time. The benefits of fiberglass rocks are many. We hand-craft the inner membrane which ensures structural stability of the final project. The popular consensus from the feedback that we receive is that custom rock waterfalls are a GREAT landscaping idea and most people want one. The issue is that most people cannot afford one. WaterfallNow wants not just to renovate high end luxury homes, hotels, and casinos but to give the everyday person a way to enjoy resort-like settings in their own personal living space or yard.
[Benefits of Fiberglass Rocks, Benefits of Fibreglass Rocks]
All of WaterfallNow’s rocks are 100% custom hand-made. That means if you are looking for ways to perhaps cover up electric outlets, man-holes, tools, or any other unsightly objects we can custom-create an artificial rock feature that will cover that object for you.
Decorative Rocks Vancouver
Our fake rocks and rock panels are great for landscaping projects and can be mixed in with other natural applications. From far away most people cannot tell a real rock from one that we hand-made.
Many people opt for natural stone for their landscaping needs but natural stone can only go so far. For the person who wants something much larger and customized WaterfallNow can create it. Want a waterfall in your backyard? We do that.
Our rock water features don’t require constant maintenance and repairs. If you’ve ever paid for something thinking you got a good deal and later spent thousands more on upkeep you will be glad for this fact.
As long as the water level is maintained for each water feature our rock waterfalls, rock fountains, and rock water features will run smoothly.
Backyard Waterfall – Perhaps you want to transform your yard?
We can also create these features to draw water from a running stream or from a hidden pond. Literally anything you can imagine can eventually be done. We take pride in our problem-solving abilities and helping make renovation ideas become a reality.
If you are looking for natural rocks there is a place in Surrey, BC on 12737 58 ave (#10 Hwy) S Farm Nursery. There you will find a selection of natural boulders and stones
WaterfallNow hand-creates custom decorative rocks Vancouver, Surrey, the Lower Mainland and other areas of BC. Can’t find what you are looking for online? We may have the solution.
Looking for the absolute best in custom decorative rock covers? Contact us.